Magis Global –


June 2, 2020

African Trade

Category: General – Tags: , – Joan – 9:26 am

For 30 years, African countries were used as dumping sites for hazardous toxic waste from developed countries. Many African countries have been tempted by potential financial gain, which some cases significantly exceeds the GDP of the country importing toxic waste. Dumping of dangerous toxic waste implies a serious environmental threat to the inhabitants of the African continent. Many do not know about those dangers and consequences of being exported from developed countries of toxic waste. The problem became so serious for the global environment that has caused two global attempts to regulate and create the ability to control international trade and export of hazardous wastes. Signed in 1987godu "Basel Convention" is the first global attempt to control the export and dumping of hazardous waste.

The second is to adopt a program of environmental protection UN to monitor the trafficking of hazardous waste in Cairo. Then the solution of the governing African Unity import of hazardous wastes. This regional effort as possible is an important step in protecting the environment. Despite to curb it so profitable, but risky business such trade still continues. So, again, for the past 30 years, many African nations served as a place to dump toxic waste (pollution sewage pollution of air space with ashes from waste incineration, dumping of waste oil, chemicals, acids, toxic solvents, expired pharmaceuticals, construction fertilizer plants). Rigid regulatory standards and the high cost of hazardous waste in the west have led to increased export of toxic and hazardous waste to countries in Africa due to the dumping disposal of such wastes. All this is possible thanks to the huge amount of used and unused land available in many African countries.

Many African governments have ignored the obvious danger of such imports of hazardous waste because of the desperate need to earn income in the form of hard currency and ease economic hardship. Another not unimportant reason for this is greed of several large African the owners of this business wanting to make big money in hard currency in a relatively short time. Unlimited export of toxic waste into Africa from developed countries has been tracked since 1970 a secret deal between African countries and companies from USA, UK, Italy, Switzerland and even the Soviet Union. This is due to high growth industries in developed countries. Since the production of by-products contain many chemicals and toxic substances that can not be recycled, and get rid of that rather difficult. That's one of the biggest challenges for the industrialized countries is the problem of getting rid of unwanted material (Industrial waste), because places where you can remove and bury the dangerous waste is becoming smaller, the price of such waste recycling increased from year to year. Here is an example: the cost of disposal of hazardous waste industrialized countries may reach $ 5,000 per ton, whereas, on the export of toxic waste in an African country the price could reach $ 10 per ton. This is – roughly 1 / 1000 of the cost of processing debris in any industrialized country. Hence the tendency to make huge profits from the export of industrial waste for firms exporting. Africa – a viable alternative for the removal of toxic waste, thanks low cost of landfill, low public awareness about the dangers of such graves, willingness to such transactions of local government officials and businessmen in exchange for financial gain. This short-term gain, ultimately, does not justify the consequences for the ecology and environment for people living in the area.

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